The Monitoring and Inspections Unit was established in order to fulfil the provisions of section 243(k) of the Constitution.  The unit is responsible for visiting and inspecting prisons, places of detention, refugee camps and related facilities. It is also responsible for visiting and inspecting places where mentally disordered or intellectually handicapped persons are detained. The purpose of such visits and inspections will be to ascertain the conditions under which these various groups of people live under, and to make recommendations regarding those conditions to the relevant authorities responsible for administering the law related to those places. The unit is also tasked with researching on issues related to the above mentioned groups.